The Spanish Conquest of the “New World” was a tremendous success for Spain. The biggest question is how was it possible? When they arrived and began their expedition they were immensely outnumbered by the Aztecs and Incas. So how were so few men able to devastate these vastly populated empires? What made people like Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro able to carry out their goals? how did they accomplish their mission? How did they achieve victory against such numerical odds?